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Summary Judgment for Large Insurance Carrier in a Breach of Contract Case.

The parties had filed cross-motions for summary judgment. The issue for the court was whether the carrier had breached the terms of the policy when it denied the plaintiff’s first-party benefits claim relating to medical bills for PTSD allegedly caused by the underlying accident. The policy defined “bodily injury” as “accidental bodily harm to a person, and that person’s resulting illness, disease or death.” The plaintiff argued that, because she had sustained both physical and mental injuries as a result of the accident, the treatment related to both types of injuries and should be covered. The defense argued that, per the policy and controlling case law, mental injuries are only covered if they “result from” the physical injury. Because the PTSD stemmed from the plaintiff’s fear of driving following the accident—as opposed to mental injuries that resulted directly from the physical injuries—the defense asserted that they are not covered. The court agreed with the defense and found that the language of the policy was clear and unambiguous. It found that the Superior Court’s holding in Zerr v. Erie Ins. Exchange controlled and that the plaintiff had failed to provide evidence that her mental injuries resulted from her bodily injuries. Absent that connection, there was no coverage for the PTSD, regardless of any collateral physical injuries sustained in the accident.

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